Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR)
To view an interview with Francine Shapiro, the founder of EMDR, Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing, click the link below:
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is a psychotherapy developed by Francine Shapiro that emphasizes disturbing memories as the cause of psychopathology and alleviates the symptoms of Post- Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).
EMDR is practised on individuals who have experienced severe trauma that remains unresolved. According to Ms Shapiro, when a traumatic or distressing event occurs, it may overwhelm normal cognitive and neurological coping mechanisms. The memory and associated stimuli are inadequately processed and stored in an isolated memory network.
The goal of EMDR is to process these distressing memories, reduce their lingering effects and allow clients to develop more adaptive coping mechanisms. This is done in an eight-phase approach that involves having clients recall distressing images while receiving one of several types of bilateral sensory input, including side to side eye movements. The use of EMDR was originally developed to treat adults suffering from PTSD; however, it is also used to treat other conditions and children.